SECTION 1. Coverage. — This Rule shall apply to all employers, whether operating for profit or not, including the Government and any of its political subdivisions and government-owned or controlled corporations, which employs in any workplace one or more workers.
The development and enforcement of dental standards shall continue to be under the responsibility of the Bureau of Dental Health Services of the Department of Health.
SECTION 2. Definitions. — As used in this Rule, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated hereunder unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(a) "First-aid treatment" means adequate, immediate and necessary medical and dental attention or remedy given in case of injury or sudden illness suffered by a worker during employment, irrespective of whether or not such injury or illness is work-connected, before more extensive medical and/or dental treatment can be secured. It does not include continued treatment or follow-up treatment for an injury or illness.
(b) "Work place" means the office, premises or work site where the workers are habitually employed and shall include the office or place where the workers who have no fixed or definite work site regularly report for assignment in the course of their employment.
(c) "First-aider" means any person trained and duly certified as qualified to administer first aid by the Philippine National Red Cross or by any other organization accredited by the former.
SECTION 3. Medicines and facilities. — Every employer shall keep in or about his work place the first-aid medicines, equipment and facilities that shall be prescribed by the Department of Labor and Employment within 5 days from the issuance of these regulations. The list of medicines, equipment and facilities may be revised from time to time by the Bureau of Working Conditions, subject to the approval of the Secretary of Labor and Employment.
SECTION 4. Emergency medical and dental services. — Any employer covered by this Rule shall provide his employees medical and dental services and facilities in the following cases and manner:
(a) When the number of workers is from 10 to 50 in a work place, the services of a graduate first-aider shall be provided who may be one of the workers in the work place and who has immediate access to the first-aid medicines prescribed in Section 3 of this Rule.
(b) Where the number of workers exceeds 50 but not more than 200, the services of a full-time registered nurse shall be provided. However, if the work place is non-hazardous, the services of a full-time first-aider may be provided if a nurse is not available.
(c) Where the number of workers in a work place exceeds 200 but not more than 300, the services of a full-time registered nurse, a part-time physician and a part-time dentist, and an emergency clinic shall be provided, regardless of the nature of the undertaking therein. The physician and dentist engaged for such work place shall stay in the premises for at least two (2) hours a day; Provided, However, that where the establishment has more than one (1) work shift a day, the required two-hour stay shall be devoted to the work shift which has the biggest number of workers and they shall, in addition to the requirements of this Rule, be subject to call at any time during the other work shifts to attend to emergency cases.
(d) Where the number of workers in a hazardous work place exceeds 300, the services of a full-time nurse, a full-time physician, a full-time dentist, a dental clinic and an infirmary or emergency hospital with one-bed capacity for every 100 workers shall be provided. The physician and dentist shall stay in the premises of the work place for at least eight (8) hours a day; Provided, However, that where the work place has more than one (1) work shift a day, they shall be at work place during the work shift which has the biggest number of workers and they shall be subject to call at anytime during the other work shifts to attend to emergency cases. Where the undertaking in such a work place is non-hazardous in nature, the employer may engage the services of a part-time physician and a part-time dentist who shall have the same responsibilities as those provided in sub-section (c) of this Section, and shall engage the services of a full-time registered nurse.
(e) In all work places where there are more than one (1) work shift in a day, the employer shall, in addition to the requirements of this Rule, provide the services of a full-time first-aider for each workshift.
SECTION 5. Emergency hospital. — An employer need not put up an emergency hospital or dental clinic in the work place as required in these regulations where there is a hospital or dental clinic which is not more than five (5) kilometers away from the work place if situated in any urban area or which can be reached by motor vehicle in twenty-five (25) minutes of travel, if situated in a rural area and the employer has facilities readily available for transporting a worker to the hospital or clinic in case of emergency: Provided, That the employer shall enter into a written contract with the hospital or dental clinic for the use thereof in the treatment of workers in case of emergency.
SECTION 6. Training and qualifications of medical and dental personnel. — The health personnel required to be hired by an employer pursuant to the Code and these Rules shall have the following minimum qualifications:
(a) A first-aider must be able to read and write and must have completed a course in first-aid duly certified by the National Red Cross or any other organization accredited by the same.
(b) A nurse must have passed the examination given by the Board of Examiners and duly licensed to practice nursing in the Philippines and preferably with at least fifty (50) hours of training in occupational nursing conducted by the Department of Health, the Institute of Public Health of the University of the Philippines or by any organization accredited by the former.
(c) A physician, whether permanent or part-time, must have passed the examinations given by the Board of Examiners for physicians, is licensed to practice medicine in the Philippines, and is preferably a graduate of a training course in occupational medicine conducted by the Bureau of Working Conditions, the Institute of Public Health of the University of the Philippines or any organization duly accredited by the former.
(d) A dentist, whether permanent or part-time, must have passed the examinations given by the Board of Examiners for dentists, is licensed to practice dentistry in the Philippines, and preferably has completed a training course in occupational dentistry conducted by the Bureau of Dental Health Services of the Department of Health or any organization duly accredited by the former.
SECTION 7. Opportunity for training. — Nurses, physicians, and dentists employed by covered employers on the date the Code becomes effective and who do not possess the special training qualifications provided in this Rule may attend the respective training courses pertinent to their field of specialization. The Bureau of Working Conditions shall initiate the organization and carrying out of appropriate training programs for nurses, physicians and dentists in coordination with the government agencies or private organizations referred to in the preceding Section.
SECTION 8. Hazardous work places. — The Bureau of Working Conditions, shall, with the approval of the Secretary of Labor and Employment, issue from time to time a detailed list of hazardous work places for purposes of this Rule, in addition to the following:
(a) Where the nature of the work exposes the workers to dangerous environmental elements, contaminations or work conditions including ionizing radiations, chemicals, fire, flammable substances, noxious components and the like.
(b) Where the workers are engaged in construction work, logging, fire-fighting, mining, quarrying, blasting, stevedoring, dock work, deep-sea fishing and mechanized farming.
(c) Where the workers are engaged in the manufacture or handling of explosives and other pyrotechnic products.
(d) Where the workers use or are exposed to heavy or power-driven machinery or equipment.
(e) Where the workers use or are exposed to power-driven tools.
SECTION 9. Health program. — The physician engaged by an employer pursuant to this Rule shall, in addition to providing medical services to the workers in cases of emergency, perform among others, the following duties:
(a) Conduct pre-employment medical examination, free of charge, for the proper selection and placement of workers;
(b) Conduct free of charge annual physical examination of the workers;
(c) Collaborate closely with the safety and technical personnel of the establishment to assure selection and placement of workers from the standpoint of physical, mental, physiological and psychological suitability, including investigation of accidents where the probable causes are exposure to occupational health hazards; and
(d) Develop and implement a comprehensive occupational health program for the employees of the establishment. A report shall be submitted annually to the Bureau of Working Conditions describing the program established and the implementation thereof.
SECTION 10. Medical and dental records. — (a) The employer shall furnish the Bureau of Working Conditions with copies of all contracts of employment of medical personnel and contracts with hospitals or clinics as provided in Section 5 of this Rule.
(b) The employer shall maintain a record of all medical examinations, treatments and medical activities undertaken.
(c) The employer shall submit reports in such form, and containing such information, as the Bureau of Working Conditions may require from time to time.